Tags

Brasília. 06/08/2022

                                                                                                   José Luis Oreiro

Dear Professor José Márcio Carvalho, Director of the Faculty of Economics, Administration, Accounting and Public Policy, Dear Professor Roberto Ellery, Head of the Department of Economics of the University of Brasília, Dear Professor Antonio Correa de Lacerda, President of the Federal Council of Economics, Dear Professor José Luiz Pagnussat, President of the Regional Council of Economics of the Federal District, Dear Professor Kerssia Kamenach,  President of the Regional Council of Economics of the State of Goias, today represented by Professor Adriana Pereira de Souza of the State University of Goiás, Dear Ms. Laetitia Dufay Director for Brazil and South Cone of the French Development Agency, Dear guests and researchers from Brazil, Latin America, the United States and Western European countries, as leader of the structuralist development macroeconomics research group I want to give to all of you the  welcome to the second international workshop of the research group, whose central theme this year is “the new green developmentalism: structural change and policies for the ecological transition”.

Climate change is a scientifically proven fact, but not yet treated with due urgency by the governments of developed countries and, especially, by the governments of developing countries. I believe that the fundamental reason for developing countries to had little interest in the issue of climate change is because a false dilemma has been established between environmental preservation and economic development. In this way, developing countries understand that they cannot be called upon to sacrifice the increased quality of life of their citizens because of environmental mistakes made in the past by developed countries. The fundamental premise of this workshop is that there is no dilemma between economic development and the fight against climate change. On the contrary. Developing countries can and should enter the new industrial revolution provided by the need to decarbonize the economy, which will require significant investment in the transition to a low-carbon economy. These investments will be intensive in knowledge and the use of labor and can therefore be compatible with the goals of reducing CO2 emissions with the generation of income and employment.

This is a great opportunity for the Brazilian economy. After four decades of semi-stagnation due to a process of premature deindustrialization, Brazil will be able to reindustrialize its economy and, with this, resume economic development, generating high quality jobs and greater equity in income distribution, through the necessary investments for what Professor Giulio Guarini and I called ecological structural change. For this, cooperation between the State and private initiative will be absolutely necessary. Liberalism and Soviet socialism are outdated ideas. We need a social market economy, in which the State and the Private Sector go hand in hand together to achieve a better future for Brazil and for all humanity.

The resumption of economic development, in an ecologically sustainable way, is the best gift we can offer to Brazil on the 200th anniversary of its independence.